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The Difference Between Impact and Cone Crusher

2018.09.29
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Same as the secondary crushing, the obvious differences between the Impact Crusher and the Cone Crusher are the crushing principle and the structure, which are easy to be understand. The impact crusher use impact energy to break down materials. During operation, the motor drives the rotor to rotate at a high speed. When the material enters the action area of the hammer, it is broken by the high-speed impact of the hammer. The broken material is thrown in the tangential direction to the impact plate installed above the rotor to be broken again, and then The impact plate rebounds back to the hammer action zone and breaks again. This process is repeated until the material is broken to the desired particle size and is discharged from the discharge port. The cone is broken and laminated, the motor drives the eccentric rotating through the drive shaft and a pair of bevel gear, cone axis does rotary pendulum movement under the force of eccentric sleeve , which makes the mantle surface sometimes near the concave, sometimes far from the concave, so that the ore in the crushing cavity is continually squeezed and being broken. The material enter into the crusher from the upper feed opening, by crushing can be discharged from the bottom discharge opening.

Henan Dewo Machinery is a professional crusher equipment manufacturer and our main products are: Jaw Crusher, Impact Crusher, VSI Sand Maker Machine, Hydraulic Cone Crusher, Simons Cone Crusher, Spring Cone Crusher and any kinds of Mobile Crushing Plant.


 

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In addition, there are many differences between them in actual production.

1. Application Material

Both Impact Crusher and Cone Crusher can act as secondary crushing machine, but the hardness of the broken materials is not the same. Generally, the Cone Crusher mainly breaks some materials with higher hardness, such as granite, basalt, tuff, river pebble, etc., and the Impact Crusher is used to crush materials with less hardness, such as limestone.

Generally, the Impact Crusher is suitable for crushing medium hardness and below the toughness and brittle material, and the Cone Crusher is broken to be suitable for crushing hard materials.

2. Discharging Granularity

The size of the discharged material from the two crusher equipments is also different. In general, the Cone Crusher can produce thinner material than the Impact Crusher. In the real producing case, there are more Cone Crushers used in beneficiation, and more Impact Crushers used in building materials and construction projects.

3. Finished Grain Types

Impact Crusher are better than Cone Crusher. Impact finished Product has fewer corners and more powder, Cone Crusher finished product has more needle-like shapes and shape is not good.

4. Capacity

Compared with the Impact Crusher, the Cone Crusher has the characteristics of low energy consumption, large output, stable production, etc., so the Cone Crusher is often used for large-scale high-yield production line operations.

5. Investment

The price of the Cone Crusher is more expensive than the Impact Crusher, but the longevity of the consumables is long, avoiding the trouble of frequently replacing parts. In the long term, the Cone Crusher more saving than the Impact Crusher.

It can be understood that the Impact Crusher has lower buying cost and higher maintenance cost, the Cone Crusher is exactly the opposite.

6. Pollution

Impact Crusher have large noise and dust pollution and Cone Crusher has less pollution.

 


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